Gum enlargement is the growths that occur in the gums around the teeth. They occur for different reasons.
Inflammatory Gingival Growths
As a result of the presence of inflammation in the gums, recessions occur in our gums or our gums respond to this situation by growing. If the phenotype of our gums is thick, it usually appears as gingival enlargement.
Drug-Induced Gum Growths
Some of the drugs we use cause enlargement of our gums as a side effect. These drugs are used by blood pressure patients, kidney transplant patients and epilepsy patients.
Gingival Growths Due to Mouth Breathing
It is the gingival enlargement that occurs in individuals who breathe through the mouth. It usually occurs on the anterior surfaces of the anterior teeth in the upper jaw.
Gum Growth During Pregnancy
In pregnant individuals, hormonal changes in the body can cause enlargement of the gums.
Gum Growth Treatment
In the treatment of gingival enlargement, first of all, the causative agent must be determined and the treatment planned for it. If there is intense inflammation and bleeding in the mouth of the person, first of all, these inflammations should be removed with gingival treatment. If our patient’s gingival enlargement occurred due to the drugs he used, it should be replaced with a medicine that does not cause gingival enlargement, if possible, after consulting with his doctor. If there is growth in the gums because the person breathes through the mouth, the reason for this should be determined first and nasal breathing should be provided.
After the causative agent is removed, it is possible to remove gingival enlargements with minor surgical procedures or laser treatment. After these procedures performed under local anesthesia, our patients usually pass this process painlessly. Painkillers are prescribed after the procedure, although it is not very necessary.